Here are 6 interesting sea lion facts for your kids to learn all about these cunning and adorable marine mammals!
Sea lions are among the most fascinating creatures in all of the world’s oceans. These social marine mammals are found in climates ranging from subarctic to tropical and are often seen swimming in the waters off the coast of Puerto Vallarta. They are known for their playful behavior, agility in the water, cunning intelligence, and distinct adorable appearance!
Below, we spend some time talking about sea lions and all of their amazing characteristics.
Read on for 6 Interesting Sea Lion Facts for Kids and see sea lions firsthand in Puerto Vallarta with our tours here at Vallarta Adventures!
What are sea lions?
Sea lions are marine mammals of the Otariidae family.b
Sea lions are large marine mammals native to all of the world's oceans. Together with the fur seals, they comprise the family Otariidae: the eared seals. Sea lions are characterized by external ear flaps, long fore flippers, short, thick hair, and a big chest and belly.
Among these characteristics, the one that most readily distinguishes sea lions from regular seals is their ability to walk on all four flippers. Sea lions are social animals and can often be seen in large groups both on land and at sea.
Their coloration ranges from grey-white to dark brown to nearly black, though most sea lions range from light to dark brown. There are six extant sea lion species and one extinct sea lion species (the Japanese sea lion).
How big are sea lions? How much does a sea lion weigh?
Depending on the species, sea lions can range in size from 200-400 pounds in weight and 6 feet in length to 2,500 pounds in weight and 11 feet in length.
Sea lion size varies considerably depending on both species and gender. Sexual dimorphism is a defining trait of sea lions — males are larger than females across all species. The largest sea lion species is the Steller's sea lion.
Males can reach 2,500 pounds in weight and 11 feet in length. Females can reach nearly 800 pounds in weight and 9 feet in length. California Sea Lions, along with the South American Sea Lion, average in terms of sea lion size, have males weighing around 600-800 pounds and measuring 6-8 feet in length, while females weigh 200-300 pounds and measure 5-6 feet in length.
How do sea lions swim?
Sea lions swim using their long, powerful fore flippers and hind flippers.
Sea lions are strong swimmers who can reach speeds of nearly 20 miles per hour.
They swim using their long fore flippers to generate power and their hind flippers to steer. Sea lions hunt underwater and can dive to depths of 300 meters.
Can sea lions breath underwater? How long can sea lions hold their breath?
No, sea lions cannot breathe underwater. However, they can hold their breath for approximately 8 to 20 minutes!
Although they can dive to extraordinary depths, sea lions cannot breathe underwater. As they are mammals, sea lions must breathe air to survive.
However, sea lions have special physiological builds that allow them to conserve oxygen while diving. They can hold their breath for as long as 20 minutes (approximately)!
How do sea lions breathe?
On land, sea lions breathe through their nostrils. Their nostrils instinctively shut when they dive underwater.
Sea lions' nostrils are naturally closed when they are relaxing. They have special muscles that open the nostrils when they need to breathe. When the sea lions eat and are swimming underwater, their nostrils remain closed.
How long do sea lions live? How long do sea lions live in human care?
The average lifespan for sea lions in the wild is 20 years. The average lifespan for sea lions in human care is 30 years.
In the wild, most sea lions will reach the age of 20. However, the wear and tear of hunting, inclement weather, and many other environmental factors put a cap on most sea lions' lifespans much past the two-decade mark.
In human care, where sea lions have ready access to food, medical care, and protected living environments, young sea lions in captivity can expect to live as many as 30 years.
Sea Lion Senses Are Amazing
Sea lion vibrissae, also known as whiskers, are fascinating sensory organs that play a vital role in helping these marine mammals navigate their environment and find food. These specialized hairs are packed with nerves and receptors, making them incredibly sensitive to vibrations and movements in the water.
Sea lions rely on their vibrissae to detect subtle changes in their surroundings, such as the ripples caused by fish or other potential prey. By using their whiskers as a finely tuned detection system, sea lions can pinpoint the exact location of their prey, even in murky or dark waters. Additionally, these whiskers are not only useful for hunting but also aid in social interactions among sea lions.
They can convey messages to other individuals, establish social hierarchies, recognize individuals, and maintain group cohesion. The vibrissae serve as a remarkable example of the adaptability and functionality of sensory organs in marine mammals like sea lions.
Sense Of Taste
In the realm of underwater flavors, sea lions embark on a gustatory adventure that is both intriguing and unique. While their taste buds may not be as refined as those of land-dwelling creatures, sea lions possess a discerning palate that allows them to savor the essence of their marine cuisine.
Through their taste buds, nestled within their mouths, these majestic beings experience a range of flavors, albeit limited in comparison. Sea lions have taste receptors that enable them to perceive the nuances of salty, bitter, sour, and umami tastes, which are essential for their survival and dietary preferences. However, unlike humans and various other animals, sea lions lack the ability to detect sweetness, making it an elusive sensation in their watery world.
Nonetheless, sea lions navigate their culinary journey with finesse, relying on their well-honed senses to seek out and indulge in the savory delights of their oceanic buffet.
Sense of Sight
Sea lions possess a unique adaptation called the tapetum lucidum, which enhances their vision in low-light conditions. Similar to how cats can see clearly at night, sea lions can rely on this structure to have excellent nighttime vision.
The tapetum lucidum acts as a reflective layer in their eyes, allowing them to make better use of available light and navigate their surroundings with precision. This adaptation gives sea lions an advantage when hunting and exploring in darker environments, enabling them to see clearly in the depths of the ocean, much like cats do under the cover of darkness.
See Sea Lions in Puerto Vallarta With Vallarta Adventures
Interested in learning more about sea lions? Want to see these amazing marine mammals firsthand? Here at Vallarta Adventures, we proudly offer some excellent tours designed to give Vallarta travelers a chance to see and interact with a sea lion or two like never before.
Spot sea lions in their natural habitats on one of our many Vallarta sea adventures, or meet sea lions (and dolphins!) up close and personal on our Sea Lion Encounter at Dolphin Adventure tours hosted at our world-class certified marine mammal center.
Follow the links above to learn more about these excellent Puerto Vallarta tours, and book yours with our team here at Vallarta Adventures today!